Lebanon judge removed from Beirut blast probe after charging politicians
Judge Fadi Sawan had charged three former ministers and the outgoing prime minister with negligence over blast that killed 200 and devastated part of capital
A Lebanese court on Thursday dismissed a judge who had charged top politicians with negligence over 2020's Beirut port explosion, infuriating families of victims who said it showed that the state would never hold powerful men to account.
Judge Fadi Sawan had led the investigation into the largest non-nuclear blast in history. In December, he charged three former ministers and the outgoing prime minister with negligence.
Two hundred people died in the August blast when a huge stockpile of ammonium nitrate, stored unsafely for years, detonated at the capital's port. Thousands were injured and entire neighbourhoods destroyed.
Families of the victims gathered at Beirut's justice palace on Thursday night to protest against Sawan's removal from the probe. Clad in black, they held pictures of relatives who died in the blast and held picket signs that read: “Where are the investigation results?”
We had hope for justice, even if just one percent, justice for my brother so he could rest in his grave. We're truly in a rotten country. ... I swear we're tired. We want the truth
“We had hope for justice, even if just one percent, justice for my brother so he could rest in his grave,” said Rima al-Zahed. “We're truly in a rotten country. ... I swear we're tired. We want the truth.”
The officials charged by Sawan had refused to be questioned as suspects, accusing him of overstepping his powers.
The court of cassation decided to take Sawan off the case after a request from two of the former ministers he charged, Ali Hassan Khalil and Ghazi Zeaiter. Sawan could not be reached for comment.
A copy of the decision cited “legitimate suspicion” over Sawan's neutrality, partly because his house was damaged in the blast that devastated part of the capital.
The move will likely delay an investigation that has faced political pushback and has yet to yield any results. Human Rights Watch called it “an insult” to the victims. “We are back to square one,” researcher Aya Majzoub said. “We need answers, and Lebanon has shown that it is incapable of providing them.”
Sawan's charges were the first filed against top politicians over the blast. Lawyers said he showed courage in a country where few in authority have ever been held accountable. He faced criticism from Shiite Hezbollah movement and Sunni former premier Saad al-Hariri, rivals who have shared power under Lebanon's sectarian political system.
Outgoing premier Hassan Diab, who quit over public fury at the blast, has said his conscience was clear.
Khalil said he had no role in the explosion. The finance ministry, which he ran from 2014 to 2020, oversees customs.
Zeaiter, who called the charges “a blatant violation”, ran the public works ministry in 2014, soon after a ship carrying the chemicals arrived at the port.
Both Khalil and Zeaiter are legislators from the Amal party of influential parliament speaker Nabih Berri, a Hezbollah ally.
The third former minister, Youssef Finianos, was due to be questioned on Thursday but also did not turn up. He and Khalil were hit with US sanctions last year for links to Hezbollah, which Washington deems a terrorist organisation.
Lawyer Youssef Lahoud, who represents hundreds of victims, said the justice minister would now have to nominate another judge and get approval from the higher judicial council — the process through which Sawan was appointed.
The minister did not respond to a request for comment.
Nizar Saghieh, head of the Legal Agenda advocacy group, said Thursday's decision could deter any new appointee from investigating politicians.
“It's clear today the political class won't let a judge work if he doesn't respect its red lines.”
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