Why does my premium increase when my car’s value decreases?
MiWay Blink answers frequently asked questions about car insurance
The value of a car depreciates over time, and a car with higher mileage is worth less than the same car with lower mileage. So why don’t car insurance premiums go down every year if the vehicle is worth less than it was a year ago?
The value of your vehicle is only relevant when it is stolen or written-off and these types of claims only make up about 15% of all insurance costs, explains Christiaan Steyn, head of MiWay Blink.
Therefore, the value of your car has a relatively small affect on your premium, which tends to increase in line with inflation over time. Roughly 75% of insurance costs are spent on repair costs (parts, paint and labour) and the cost of repairs goes up year on year.
“It doesn’t cost any less to replace the bumper on a one-year-old vehicle than it does on a brand new one,” explains Steyn.
“Doing the same repair job to the same car will cost more in future years, even though the value of the car is less. The result is that the increase in repair costs outweighs the reduction in value.”
Steyn says it is one of the questions that customers ask insurers regularly and, though cover differs from insurer to insurer, knowing the answers to these questions could improve their customer experience, particularly when claims are made.
Another frequently asked question is how an insurer decides what your car is worth when it gets stolen or written off.
Steyn says it depends what value your vehicle is insured for. You typically have three options namely retail value, market value and trade value. In the case of a write-off or theft, the value at the time of loss or damage is used to determine the insured value, not the original value when you took out the policy.
Retail value is the average current selling price (on a dealer’s floor), trade value is the average price that a motor dealer will pay you for the vehicle, and market value is the average between retail value and trade value.
These are all averages based on transactions on similar models at dealerships across the country. Your vehicle could have a list of extras or could be in much better condition than the average vehicle of the same age. As a last step, vehicle extras (if they were specified and insured) are taken into account as well as the mileage and condition of the vehicle to determine a fair value for your specific vehicle.
CAR INSURANCE DOESN'T COVER BODILY HARM
Another common misconception is that car insurance covers bodily harm in case of an accident. That’s not true in SA, where car insurance covers only the loss of or damage to the insured vehicle and aspects linked to it, like towing and repairs.
Personal injuries are covered by the Road Accident Fund (RAF), a government-established insurance for road users that is funded by fuel levies. Anyone who gets injured on the roads due to someone else’s fault can claim from the RAF, and it takes on average 281 days to get payment from the time of the claim.
Steyn says it is also important to inform your insurer when the regular driver of the vehicle changes. The insurance cover offered and the premium are based on the risk profile of the person who drives the car most often, and giving misleading information about who the regular driver is, is one of the common reasons claims are rejected in case of an accident.
It is important to update the insurer whenever the regular driver of an insured car changes, concludes Steyn.