Follow China’s example and lift Africa out of poverty‚ sustainability forum told
China and east Asia were transformed in a short period with well-targeted investments of up to 30% to 40% and Africa can learn from their case he said.
“If Africa can substantially raise its investments rates ... then its overall growth rate would increase and poverty would plummet.”
High on the agenda of the two-day meeting are the United Nations-led 17 sustainable development goals (SDG) adopted in September 2015‚ following on from its millennium development goals.
These “global goals”‚ which include quality education and good health and well-being‚ underscore the type of long-term investments needed to eliminate poverty‚ Sachs noted.
Today‚ about 5% of people remain in extreme poverty in China and east Asia. “The period of 2000 to 2015 saw extreme poverty ended in a region where more than 80% lived in extreme poverty in 1980‚” he said.
An investment in technology‚ the saving and accumulation of different types of capital and investments – including in people‚ infrastructure and transport – would also help overcome poverty. Measures to cut corruption were also needed.
“Such is our technology today that we can realistically look to this period as the period when extreme poverty ends in Africa‚” he said.
Sachs observed that the expanded education goal of striving for “universal secondary completion of education” would be a major challenge in Africa.
He recognised the role universities play in championing innovation and developing intellectual capacity. “I do think the academic and university sector has a unique role to play; I do not believe the SDGs can be achieved without the university sector‚” he said.
“I know South Africa is going through an extremely difficult time in universities now‚ which I am following with great concerns. Sometimes in crisis like this there is also opportunity‚” he said‚ urging African universities to set their own research agenda.
Countries should also invest more in social capital‚ in building trust between people and their government‚ said Sachs‚ noting that this has been falling in the United States.
“We don’t trust each other and we don’t trust our government... American society does not work right now‚” he said.
On a lighter note he said that US president Donald Trump could play a role promoting unity – by uniting countries against him.